PGI Macedonia (ΠΓΕ Μακεδονία)

The vast wine-growing area corresponds to the entire region of Macedonia in the northern part of Greece. More specifically PGI Macedonia (ΠΓΕ Μακεδονία) consists, from east to west, all the wine-growing areas of the prefectures of Kavala, Drama, Serres, Kilkis, Thessaloniki, Halkidiki, Pella, Imathia, Pieria, Florina, Kozani, Kastoria and Grevena.

The characteristics

The extensive region of Macedonia can be conveniently sub-divided into three main geographic groups, that correspond to the eastern, central and western part of the region. It is a largely developed wine-growing area and due to its sheer size, it has a varied and irregular topography. A number of mountains, valleys, rivers, lakes, peninsulas and a large coastline are responsible for the varied range of terroirs found in the region. Conditions are ideal to grow the vine and there is a wealth of native grape varieties, different soils and weather patterns across the region.

The coastal band of vineyards benefits from mild winters and warm summers. The climate can be described as being a typical Mediterranean one. Temperatures are partially moderated by the sea-breezes. On the other hand, conditions in the inland areas become less influenced by the sea and the climate is more continental. Macedonia was the starting point for the spread of phylloxera in the late 19th century. However, it was one of the first Greek vineyards that has been replanted after the catastrophic consequences of phylloxera’s invasion.

Wine types:

• White dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet, sweet fortified, from dried grapes
• Rosé dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet, sweet enhanced
• Red dry, semi-sweet, sweet
• White semi-foam dry, semi-dry

The grape varieties
Macedonia has built much of its reputation on Xinomavro, but it is also home to a number of other highly-esteemed grapes. Xinomavro is an important part of the varietal composition of PGI Macedonia (ΠΓΕ Μακεδονία) and it is most commonly used in the production of red and rose wines, either single-varietals or blends. Macedonia is also “home” to some of the best expressions of Malagousia grape variety in Greece. Assyrtiko is gaining ground and produces excellent – characterful- wines in many parts of the region. International grape varieties add to the diversity of the local vineyard. The number of international varieties found in Macedonia’s vineyards is impressive. Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah are represented through a number of impressive PGI Macedonia (ΠΓΕ Μακεδονία) bottlings and these are considered to be among the greatest examples of these grape varieties sourced from Greece.

Permitted grape varieties:

White Wines
Indigenous: Athiri, Asprouda Serron, Assyrtiko, Zoumiatiko, Koiniariko, Malagousia, Muscat of Alexandria, Batiki, Xinomavro, Preknadi, Roditis, Robola, Savatiano
International: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Semillon, Viognier, Gewurtztraminer, Riesling.

Red Wines
Indigenous: Agiorgitiko, Limnio, Limniona, Moschomavro, Negoska, Xinomavro, Pamidi, Sefka, Chondromavro
International: Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Rouge, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Refosco, Tempranillo, Sangiovese, Mourvedre, Cinsault, Barbera, Montepulciano, Negro Amaro, Tannat

Rosé wines
Indigenous: Agiorgitiko, Athiri, Asprouda Serron, Assyrtiko, Koiniariko, Limnio, Limniona, Moschomavro, Batiki, Negoska, Xinomavro, Pamidi, Roditis, Chondromavro
International: Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Rouge, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Refosco, Tempranillo, Sangiovese, Gewurtztraminer, Cinsault, Barbera, Montepulciano, Negro Amaro, Riesling, Tannat.