PGI Iraklion (ΠΓΕ Ηράκλειο)

The demarcated area for the production of PGI Iraklion (PGI Iraklio / ΠΓΕ Ηράκλειο) wines comprises the areas of the Iraklio (Heraklion) prefecture of Crete, The vineyards must be planted at an altitude of more than 30 meters above sea-level.

Characteristics

Heraklion is Crete’s winegrowing area par excellence and one of Greece’s most significant regions. The vineyards stretch from the slopes of Psiloritis in the west to the Lasithiotika Ori in the east. The mountainous massifs that loom in the center of the prefecture create a complex topography and protect the vineyards from the warm south-blowing winds that comes from Africa continent. The altitude can reach or even exceed 850m above sea level, in the most mountainous parts of the region. The climate is typical of the Mediterranean, with altitude or cool-north winds moderating the high summer temperatures.

Wines Types:

• White dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet, sweet from dried grapes
• Rosé dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet
• Red dry, semi-dry, semi-sweet, sweet, sweet from dried grapes

The grape varieties

Not many other regions in Greece have the abundance of native grape varieties as does Crete and Heraklion. In recent years, local producers seem eager to explore the potential of these grapes and showcase the uniqueness of the local vineyard. The results are excellent so far as this is indicated by the number of outstanding bottles of PGI Ιraklion (ΠΓΕ Ηράκλειο) in the market. The number of grape varieties permitted within the PGI Iraklion (ΠΓΕ Ηράκλειο) is dazzling. Some of them, such as Dafni and Plyto are considered to be extremely rare. The whites Vilana and Vidiano and the reds Liatiko, Mandilaria (Mandilari) and Kotsifali are the most important varieties in terms of plantings. International grapes are very well adapted also in the local vineyard. For example, Syrah is successfully used for the production of blends with local Cretan varieties such as Kotsifali and Mandilaria.

Permitted grape varieties:

White Wines
Indigenous: Athiri, Vilana, Vidiano, Daphni, Thrapsathiri, White Muscat, Plyto, Malvasia di Candia Aromatica
International: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc

Red Wines
Indigenous: Kotsifali, Kotsifaliotiko, Ladikino, Liatiko, Mandilaria
International: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Grenache Rouge, Merlot, Mourvedre, Syrah

Rosé wines
Indigenous: Kotsifali, Ladikino, Liatiko, Mandilaria, White Muscat
International: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Grenache Rouge, Mourvedre, Merlot, Syrah.