In the 19th century, before the establishment of the first large Greek wineries which marked the advent of modern winemaking, the largest exporter of wine in Greece was Santorini, with Samos in second place. During that time, Santorini would send its wines chiefly to Russia on ships flying the Russian flag. Still, Santorini wine exports did not stop at that: In 1841, a ship laden with Santorini wine would travel all the way to New York.