Around 1645 the continuous conflict and sea battles between the Venetians and the Ottomans in the Aegean also came to impact on winegrowing, ushering warfare into the realm of wine as well. On Santorini, the naval supply station of the Venetian fleet at the time, the new taxes imposed on wine resulted in the wine commerce’s being severely curtailed. In 1669, when the Ottomans seized Crete, the access Europe had to Crete’s sprawling vineyard which produced Malvasias oenos vanished, and production of that renowned wine shrank.