The city of Mycenae, Peloponnese, became the hub of a mighty Greek civilization which reached its peak around 1400 BC: wine and the Mycenaean civilization went hand in hand since wine held a predominant position in the society, economy, and life of the Mycenaeans. The kings of Mycenae showed their appreciation of wine by enjoying it in specially crafted golden wine cups as those found at Vafio (15th c. BC). Inscriptions written in the deciphered Linear B and found at Pylos, Messinia, contain an ideogram especially reserved for wine where the words “Dionysus”, and “Vinos” are visible -the latter being the source of words pertaining to the word ‘wine’ such as oenos, vinum, vin, vino, wine and wein.